The Human Animal – a breed apart?

chick with blackboard

For the majority of western history the only consciousness worth examining was human. Arguably we lacked the tools to examine how other animals experienced the world. However western science also developed within a Judeo-Christian cultural heritage – a religious tradition which taught that God has taken us and only us, over that threshold of animal consciousness into the realm of moral beings, because only we had souls.

Although science has largely overtaken religion as a way of explaining human existence, like religion it has emphasised differences between humans and other animals rather than common ground. In recent years more detailed experiments into animal consciousness show much of what has been regarded as solely human characteristics, such as the potential for language, ability for abstract thought, the capacity for emotions, jealousy and cruelty even, can be found in other species to some extent. Here I want to consider some of that evidence with some observations on how this might be interpreted.

Is there a danger here of anthropomorphizing? Continue reading…